Iceland is an island located in the North Atlantic Ocean, occupying a total area of 102,775 square kilometers (39,682 square miles). The terrain is characterized by sand and lava fields surrounded by mountains and glaciers. The country is made warm by the Gulf Stream and has a generally temperate climate. Iceland is the most sparsely populated country in Europe with approximately 332,329 people. The current administration center and also home to more than two-thirds of the people is called Reykjavik.
Greenland is the world’s largest island. Though geographically located near North America, Greenland is administratively and politically associated with Europe. Occupying 2,166,086 square kilometers (836,330 square meters), the island is home to only 56,480 people, making it the least populated country in the world. The low population is due to the fact that three-quarters of the island is unoccupied since it is full of a dense ice sheet. The capital city is called Nuuk where more than one-third of the people lives. The residents are the Inuit people who are the offsprings of immigrants from Canada in the13th century.
A story is told of a quarrel among the Norwegian Vikings which led to war. One group ran away by setting sail via boat. They ended up on the actual green island. Fearing being pursued by the rival group they sent word back home that the island was actually ice covered and inhabitable. They further added that there was another island further which was green and fit for human settlement. That is how the icy island was named Greenland and the green island called Iceland. This story, however, is untrue.